Jan 202018

Around 86 percent of the Indian students face increased levels stress and anxiety after their 10+2 exam, compared to around 62.5 percent after their 10th exam, says a recent survey by ASSOCHAM.

And the reason for that is quite obvious! After 10+2, students are in the throes of deciding a career path for life. Often, the decision-making becomes even more stressful as most parents keep unrealistic expectations from their kids.

The ASSOCHAM study further reveals that science students experience higher levels of stress and anxiety than their commerce or arts counterparts.

While career choices are limited by your academic performance, there could still be many options to choose from. So what career path should you choose? Here are the top options after 12th science.


1. Engineering

Engineering happens to be one of the most preferred career choices among students from the science background. You need to secure high marks in the engineering entrance examination for getting admission into your preferred engineering college. You can choose from a range of streams, such as, computer science, mechanical, electronics and telecommunication, electrical, civil and information technology. There are also some lesser-known streams, such as, biomedical engineering, nanotechnology engineering and aerospace engineering.

2. Medicine

Medical science is another rewarding career option for students who studied biology, physics and chemistry at the 10+2 level. An MBBS degree is your ticket to becoming a doctor and many other career opportunities. However, you must have high grades in your 10+2 exam and clear a national-level medical entrance test to be able to study medicine. Apart from the MBBS, other courses for a medical career include Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery (BHMS), Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS), Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) and the nursing courses.

3. Management Studies

Management studies and business administration courses are available for both science and commerce students. After 10+2, you can enrol in a Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) course.  Once you complete BBA, the next step is to join a Masters of Business Administration (MBA) course. Alternatively, there is the Bachelor of Management Studies course followed by Masters in Management Studies (MMS). Remember, however, that you need to secure a high rank the entrance test, if you want to get admission into your preferred management college. Also, it is always a good idea to pursue your management studies from a metropolitan city versus a smaller town. The former will definitely offer you more job opportunities after you complete the course.

4. Architecture

If you are interested in architecture, consider joining the Bachelor of Architecture, which is a five-year course after 12th. Candidates for the course are mostly selected through national-level entrance examinations, such as, BITSAT, UPSEE, IIT-JEE and GATE. Some state level entrance tests are also conducted. In order to qualify for the B Arch entrance examination, you should have at least 60 percent marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in your 12th examination.

5. Merchant Navy

If you are the adventurous type, a career in the Indian Merchant Navy could be your choice. To enter into this field, consider doing a course in nautical science and marine engineering after 12th science. For instance, you can enrol in the one-year higher national diploma (HND) in nautical science or marine engineering. Another option is to complete a Bachelor of Science course in nautical technology from any acclaimed institute in India. You can also join Bachelor of Technology in naval architecture and shipbuilding. For getting admission into one of the above courses, you should study Physics, Chemistry and Math in your 12th exam. You will also need to clear the All India Merchant Navy Test (AIMNET).

Some other rewarding career options after 12th science include veterinary science, pharmacy, agriculture science and biotechnology. Make sure you choose a career that suits your personality.

Jan 092018

Did you know that every year more than 3 lakh students travel overseas for undergraduate courses? According to a recent Economic Times report, many of those students are from the Arts stream.

Many arts students (and their parents) believe they have limited career opportunities in India and the only way they can land a job after college is by earning a degree from a foreign university. That is, however, far from the truth. In fact, the arts discipline offers the most diverse range of career choices to students. Here are the top five career options after 12th Arts.


1. Management

Management is by far the most popular career option after 10+2, mainly because it accepts students from any discipline, be it arts, commerce or science. Courses you can join after your 10+2 include Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA), Bachelor of Management Studies (BMS) and Bachelor of Business Management (BBM). Depending on your individual preferences, you can seek specialization in human resources, marketing, operations, finance or supply chain management, among others. Although you can easily find a job with a bachelor’s degree in management, it is always a good idea to complete your master’s degree for better opportunities.

2. Journalism and Mass Communication

The exponential growth of the Indian media over the last decade has propelled many arts students to build a career in journalism. The sheer escalation in the number of news channels in the country is proof enough! At present, there are more than 700 news channels in India and many more continue to make their foray into this space with every passing day. Once you complete your course in mass communication and journalism, finding a suitable job should not be a problem. However, to excel in this field, you should have strong language and public speaking skills.

3. Teaching

Many arts students plan a career in teaching, but most of them are not fully aware of the different ways to enter into this profession. For instance, many students think they must complete a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) course after graduation to be eligible to apply for teaching jobs in India. While this is true for those who want to be a teacher in a secondary school (Standards IX and X), you don’t need a bachelor’s degree to teach in nursery or primary schools in India. If you secure 50 percent marks in your 10+2 exam, you can enrol in either a Nursery Teacher Training (NTT) course or a Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.EL.ED) course. After completion of the course, you can apply for a teaching job in nursery or primary schools in India. Alternatively, you can continue your studies and prepare yourself to become a teacher in secondary/senior secondary schools or colleges and universities in India.

4. Multimedia and Animation

Animation and multimedia is one of the fastest emerging career choices in India. Although you do not need any formal qualification to enter into this field, completing a course surely helps you land the first job more quickly. After 10+2, you can join either a degree or a diploma course on the subject. A course in multimedia incorporates several streams, including game design, product design, visual designing, and graphic designing. You can choose one that interests you and pursue it further. A degree is any-day better than a short-term diploma course. After the course, you can become a professional animator, graphic designer, video editor, sketcher or even a movie maker. Remember, however, that you need to continually update your skills to stay valuable in the marketplace.

5. Fashion Designing

Fashion designing is another popular career option that offers a plenty of opportunities. Starting a career in fashion designing becomes easier if you can complete a course after your 12th arts from one of the top fashion designing institutes in India, such as, National Institute of Fashion Technology and Pearl Academy. Some institutes even offer merit-based scholarships to some students. To excel in this career, you should have excellent aesthetic sense, knowledge of fashion trends and an eye for detail.

Apart from the above career choices, there are also some off-the-beaten-track options for the arts students after their 10+2. For instance, you can consider doing a diploma in hotel management or event management, learn a foreign language or consider building a career in digital marketing.

Dec 042017

With the Indian government expanding their financial services to Tier 2, 3 and 4 cities, the country’s banking sector is expected to create more than five lakh jobs over the next five years, says a recent report by Randstad. In addition, there would be enhanced employment opportunities in the private sector banks too.

Clearly, it is an exciting time to start a career in banking. There are mainly two categories of vacancies you can apply for – the clerical posts and probationary officer (PO) posts. In either case, you need to clear written examinations and a subsequent face-to-face interview, for the final selection.

Eligibility Criteria

The minimum and maximum age limits to apply for the clerical post examinations are 18 years and 28 years, respectively. Educational qualifications required lacks uniformity. Some banks may require a minimum of 40 percent while others might need at least 60 percent marks in 10+2. Another common requirement is a minimum 60 percent in Mathematics in the 10th standard. In addition, the candidate needs to be proficient in the local language of the state. Proficiency means, to be able to speak, read and write fluently.

For the officer’s post, the age limits are 21 years and 26 years respectively. Also, you must have a graduation degree to be able to apply for the Bank PO entrance examination. Some banks might only accept applications from the first class graduates while others may have a minimum requirement of 55 percent mark in graduation. Postgraduates might enjoy some relaxation in the qualifying marks. For some positions, a management degree or diploma is preferred.


Here are the tips to prepare for the bank exams in India.

1. Enhance your command over English

This will help in two ways. First, there is a section on English where the focus is on vocabulary, reading comprehension, spelling and grammar. Strong English language skills will help you secure a good score in this section. Secondly, if your English is good, it will help you read and understand the questions in other sections fast, because most exams set papers in English. That means good knowledge of English is a prerequisite to scoring high marks in other subjects, such as, mathematics and reasoning ability.

2. Learn some shortcut methods for mathematics

The mathematical problems you need to solve in a bank exam may not be the toughest ones, but it often boils down to how quickly you can solve them. Picking up some shortcut techniques for problem solving will definitely help improve your speed. It is never a good idea to try solving the sums in the traditional way. You can even consider taking classes for learning the tricks and shortcut methods for mathematics.

3. Reasoning is all about practice

Questions in the reasoning section would be simple. All you need is to prepare well by solving some test papers for each type of reasoning. Some common types include series-based questions, coding-decoding, syllogisms, and questions on seating arrangement or blood relations. A thorough practice will make you familiar with the different types and help you attempt the reasoning questions with confidence.

4. Focus on certain general-awareness topics

General awareness is a vast subject. However, when preparing for a bank exam, you mainly need to be aware of the recent international conferences and summits, awards and prizes, initiatives and welfare schemes floated by the government, sports tournaments, technology and science projects, books and authors. Most of the questions will be on these topics.

5. Boost your financial awareness

This section is not included in some clerical-level bank exams, but almost all officer-level exams have this section in the preliminary round. Make sure you are familiar with macroeconomic indicators, financial and banking terms, any recent monetary and fiscal policy announcements, market developments, and so on. You should also have knowledge of the Indian Banking System.

Typically, you need to clear a preliminary examination, a final written examination and then an interview. Each stage will be an elimination stage. Depending on your knowledge and skills, you should start preparing around six to 12 weeks in advance.

Nov 142017

India’s IT and IT-enabled services sector (ITeS) made a humble beginning in the late 1960s with the foundation of the Tata Group in Mumbai. It was not until 1973 that the country got its first special economic zone for software exporters. The early 1990s saw the groundbreaking economic liberalization in India, which helped open doors to new opportunities for Indian IT companies.

Between 1991 and 1996, the Indian IT industry more than doubled its annual growth rate and by the early 2000s, the country successfully established itself as one of the world’s top sourcing destinations for IT services. Over the years, India’s information technology sector has grown into a $150 billion industry that contributes to around 7.7 percent of the country’s GDP and creates 3.7 million direct jobs and another 10 million indirect jobs.

So what does the future hold for India’s IT sector? Will job opportunities continue to grow? Or, will there be job cuts due to automation and other inevitable changes within the industry? Let’s find out.


Current scenario and future prospects

Availability of a highly skilled talent pool, competitive cost of business operations, favorable government policies and fast developing urban infrastructure have helped the Indian IT industry to grow from strength to strength over the past few decades. However, critics say the sector has always been more dependent on exports and less on the domestic market.

Thankfully, a change has already begun with the current government’s ‘digital India’ push, as part of which they are planning to pump an estimated $1trillion into technology investments by 2024, up from $270 billion now. Also, IT jobs, which were once confined to cities like Bangalore, Delhi and Mumbai, are now available across India, even in Tier-II cities. This is definitely a good sign for the IT job market. Here are some facts and statistics that paint a positive picture of the Indian IT market.

  • Indian IT market is likely to triple its size to become a $ 350 billion industry by 2025.
  • India’s software product market currently generates annual revenues of $7 billion. Interestingly, total revenue from domestic market ($4.8 billion) has recently surpassed revenue from software exports ($2.3 billion).
  • India’s overall IT and ITeS industry, comprising software products, hardware products, IT services, and Business Process Management, is growing at 8.5 percent per annum.
  • The country’s B2B and B2C ecommerce markets are likely to reach respectively $700 billion and $102 billion by 2020.

Employment trends and outlook

Employment prospects are broadly positive and encouraging. NASSCOM predicts that the industry will create around three million new jobs by 2025. The Indian government has set up around 56 STPI (Software Technology Park of India) centers across the country. These centers generate around 50 percent of all the IT jobs in India. Interestingly, 48 out of the 58 centers operate out of Tier-II and Tier-III cities. Jobs are also available in the hardware sector. Almost all leading computer and mobile device manufacturing companies are expanding operations in India. Together, they created more than one lakh direct and three lakh indirect jobs in the past two years.

The rapid growth of the Indian startup ecosystem is another promising trend to look out for. According to NASSCOM, more than 4,750 ecommerce and technology startups generate 100,000 IT jobs in India every year. Another report predicts around 15 percent growth in hiring activities in technology startups over the next few years.

The Indian IT sector is fast adopting new technologies, such as the Internet of Things, AI, data analytics and cloud computing. Automation within the industry could make the middle layers of management superfluous in some companies, but the industry will see an overall increase in job creation due to rapid digitization in every business sector, say experts.

This means IT job seekers and professionals should continually update their skills, so that they can stay relevant in the job market. The good news is there are ample opportunities for the right candidates.

Oct 072017

Often, job seekers are more concerned about what to include on their CV, while they should also know what not to include. For instance, a recent survey reveals that recruiters strongly recommend replacing generic words and phrases like ‘go getter’, ‘hard working’, ‘result driven’ and ‘detail oriented’ with more targeted action verbs like ‘increased’, ‘achieved’, ‘managed’ and ‘improved’ on a CV.

Remember, you only have a few seconds to impress your employer with your resume. If you want to make a killer first impression, here are seven things you should never include on your CV.


1. An objective

It is not a smart idea to begin your CV with an objective statement that says, “Seeking a job in senior manager position with a company where I can….” Employers are less interested about what you want and more about how they can benefit from hiring you. It’s obvious that you want this job, because you applied for it. You don’t have to repeat it. Simply remove the objective statement. If, however, you’ve a unique situation, for instance, when you’re moving into a new career, you may want to include a short summary.

2. Irrelevant work experience

Just because you worked as a pizza delivery boy after your graduation doesn’t mean you have to mention it on your CV. Only include jobs that are relevant to the position you’re applying for. Recruiters look for relevant work experience and stability. While it’s okay to omit some jobs from your resume, some employers do not like to see a gap in your work history. You can handle this by creating a skill-based CV, where the focus would be on your skills rather than on the timeline of your professional career.

3. Personal details

Recruiters simply need your name, address, email and phone number, so that they can contact you. Do not include any additional personal details, such as, your age, marital status, religion and political affliction. Some experts suggest you should not even mention your year of graduation or any work history more than 15 years old. That way, you may unknowingly allow your employer to predict your age. Also, do not include a photo unless specifically asked for. At this stage, employers simply check whether you’ve the necessary skills, qualification and experience for the job. If required, they can collect more details from you later.

4. Achievements without any concrete results

Do not simply list your achievements; show the results to back your claim. For instance, rather than saying “worked on many email marketing campaigns”, you can say “helped improve open rates of my company’s marketing emails by 20 percent.”

5. References

If your recruiters need references, they’ll tell you. There is no need to provide references, unless they ask for it. Also, you do not write “References available on request” on your CV. This is too obvious to state.

6. Colourful fonts and creative formatting

While it is important to format your CV and highlight the most important parts, you should not make it look clumsy by using distracting colours or clip arts. Keep the formatting simple and consistent. Consider using professional fonts like Georgia or Arial. Also, use aligned headings and a structured layout and provide enough white space to help employers scan your CV more easily.

7. Typos

Typos and formatting errors are the two most common CV mistakes, says Google’s former head of People Operations, Laszlo Bock in one of his recent articles. According to another survey, nearly 60 percent of CVs have typos and grammatical errors. While most jobseekers identify typing errors as a common CV mistake, only a few take the necessary steps to rectify them. Ideally, you should have someone else read your CV. A new pair of eyes can spot any typos more easily. Alternatively, consider reading it yourself after a break.

Some other common mistakes include revealing confidential information like your salary or bank details, making the resume unnecessarily lengthy and listing your hobbies on the CV.

Aug 212017

India has a shortage of around five lakh doctors, says a new report by the World Health Organization (WHO). India’s doctor-patient population ratio currently stands at 1:1674, while the WHO recommends a minimum of 1:1000.

The urgent need for doctors, however, is not the only reason why more and more students are showing interests to enter into this profession. There are several other motivations, ranging from high income and job security to personal calling and a chance to help people directly.

A qualified doctor can choose to practice at a clinic, work in private nursing homes or government hospitals, or move abroad for a better career opportunity. In India, junior doctors can expect a starting salary of around Rs 5lakh per annum. With experience, your annual income as a doctor could be up to Rs 30lakh or even higher.


However, studying medicine is a long-term commitment and involves hard work. You should not choose this career path on a whim. Here are the steps to become a doctor in India.

Step1 – Be eligible

You need to study 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology and secure at least 60 percent marks to be eligible to appear for medical entrance examinations in India. In fact, you should start preparing for the entrance exam right after your class X exam.

Step2 – Clear the Entrance Exam

A number of medical entrance exams are conducted in India at national and state levels. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) to select candidates for admission into more than 400 medical colleges located across India. NEET recently replaced the All India Pre-Medical Entrance Exam (AIPMT) and several state level entrance exams, although some states still conduct their own entrance tests. In addition, several medical institutes and autonomous organizations conduct separate entrance exams, such as, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Entrance Test (AIIMS) and CMC Vellore Common Entrance Test (CMC CET). You need to clear one of the above medical entrance tests to secure admission into MBBS.

Nearly 12lakh candidates compete for only around 56,000 seats available in the medical colleges across the country. Clearly, the competition is very tough. So you should start early, know the syllabus and exam patterns and attempt the previous year’s test papers as part of your preparation. You can also consider joining coaching classes for the entrance exam.

Step 3 – Earn a bachelor’s degree

Upon clearing the entrance exam, you get a chance to enrol in a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (MBBS) degree course. The duration of the course is 4 years and six months. After completing the course, you must also complete a rotating residential internship for another year. This means the total duration of MBBS in India is 5.5 years. The course introduces you to all important subjects, including human anatomy, biochemistry, pathology, orthopaedics, general medicine, and general surgery. You’ll also get practical training simultaneously from seasoned doctors at the outpatient and inpatient departments of your medical college or hospital.

Step4 – Start professional career or study further

After MBBS, you can either start practising as a doctor or enrol in a post graduate course. If you choose to continue your studies, you need to choose your specialism. Specializations are available in various streams, including medicine, neurosurgery, cardiology, and orthopaedics, to name a few. The awards conferred after post graduation depends on your area of specialization. For instance, an MBBS doctor who specializes in medicine is known as an M.D. (Doctor of Medicine), while a doctor with a post graduate degree in surgery is called an M.S. (Master of Surgery). The duration of the post graduation course is three years. There are also some diploma courses, which take around two years to complete. After post graduation, you can study even further for super specialization on your chosen stream.

May 122017

Indian employees prefer high salary over career growth, according to a recent survey by global human resource consulting firm Randstad. Around 54 percent of the survey respondents said they consider salary and employee benefits as the most important factor when choosing a job. Typically, your salary or earning potential depends on your educational qualification, experience, skills, and most importantly, your choice of profession. If you want to bring home fat paychecks, choose from the following eight best paying jobs in India.


1. Software Engineer

Starting salary of a software engineer in India could be between Rs. 5 lakh and 7 lakh per year. With experience, you can earn up to Rs, 30 lakh per annum. If you have good math skills, attention to detail and an inherent desire to work with computer systems or software, a career in software engineering could be ideal for you. To enter into this profession, you need a bachelor’s degree in software engineering, computer science or any related subject. Top companies for software engineering jobs in India include TCS, Infosys, HCL, Wipro, and Tech Mahindra.

2. Chartered Accountant

Commerce graduates with an aspiration to get rich quick should consider a career in chartered accountancy. A chartered accountant’s work involves auditing, financial reporting, and providing advice to clients on financial and tax matters. It takes hard work and patience to clear the Indian Chartered Accountancy Course, but the rewards are worth the effort. Depending on your experience, skills, and employer, your salary as a chartered accountant could be anywhere between Rs 5 lakh and Rs. 35 lakh per annum. Top paying employers in India include Deloitte, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, E&Y, and PwC.

3. Business Consultant

As a business consultant, you can earn a pretty penny right from the beginning of your career. India, being one of the world’s top FDI destinations, holds a lot of promises for aspiring business consultants. Entry requirement for this profession is a bachelor’s degree in business administration or business management. Salary depends on your position and employer, but usually, ranges between Rs 6 lakh and Rs 20 lakh per annum. You can also choose to start your own consultancy business and open doors for an unlimited income.

4. Investment Banker

Top government and privately held companies hire investment bankers to seek advice on merger & acquisitions, lending, buying and selling of bonds and shares, and the ways to seek venture capital. Considering the importance of the job position, investment bankers are usually offered a lucrative salary of between Rs 5 lakh and Rs 10 lakh. After five years of experience, you can earn up to Rs 25 lakh per annum. In India, KPMG, McKinsey, BCG, and Accenture offer high-paying investment banking jobs. You need a degree in mathematics, finance, or accounting to start your career in this field.

5. Commercial Pilot

Monthly earning of a commercial pilot varies depending on hours of flying. For the mandatory 50 hours per month flight, a first officer earns around Rs 2.5 lakh per month, while the earning could go up to Rs 4 lakh per month for 90 hours of flying. Senior pilots earn even higher salaries. Other aviation professionals, such as stewards, air hostesses, and ground staff also earn a handsome salary. To become a commercial pilot in India, you need at least a bachelor’s degree in aviation, aircraft operations, aeronautical engineering or any related subject.

6. Doctor

In an employment scene seemingly dominated by IT and management professionals, doctors still earn an attractively high salary, if not the highest. In India, a junior doctor earns anywhere between Rs 6 lakh and Rs 12 lakh per annum. Depending on your specialism, skills, and experience, your yearly income could surpass Rs 50 lakh or more. You need to clear the medical entrance exam and earn a professional degree in medicine, such as MBBS and BDS to qualify as a doctor in India.

7. Lawyer

Lawyers can work independently or with any corporate firm or government agency in India. The income potential of lawyers in India is unlimited. If you choose to take a job in a law firm, you can earn anywhere between Rs 5 lakh and Rs 20 lakh per annum. Top law firms to look for high paying jobs in India include S&R Associates, Luthra & Luthra, Khaitan & Co, Mumbai, and Argus Partners. You must have an LLB degree and clear the BAR Exam to be able to practice as a lawyer in India.

8. Marketing Professional

Contrary to a common misconception, marketing professionals can earn a handsome salary of up to Rs 25 lakh per annum, with the right skills, experience, and attitude. Graduates from any stream can enter into this profession as a sales executive and gradually move up the career ladder to become a marketing manager or sales manager. However, a bachelor’s degree in business administration can help you climb up to higher positions faster.

May 122017

With a total workforce of 1.4 million, Indian Railways is the 8th largest employer in the world and perhaps the largest in India, according to a recent report by the World Economic Forum. The Indian railways’ network covers more than 115,000 km of track and more than 7,112 train stations. For many Indian youngsters, getting a job in Indian Railways is like a dream come true, thanks to the competitive salary, employee benefits, and job security offered by this government-owned organization.

The hierarchy structure in Indian Railways consists of four levels – Group – A, Group – B, Group – C, and Group – D. Recruitment for Group-A officers is done through Civil Services Examination and Combined Engineering Services Examination conducted by The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). However, candidates for Groups D, C, and B are selected through Railway Recruitment Board (RRB) exam. There are 21 Railway Recruitment Boards under the Railway Recruitment Control Board (RRCB) to conduct the recruitment process.

Depending on your qualification and skills, you could be eligible to apply for different job positions, including signal engineers, mechanical engineers, clerks, assistant station managers, and ticket collectors. Here are some useful tips on how to prepare for Railway Recruitment Board (RRB) exam.


1. Know Exam Pattern & Syllabus

Once the Railway Recruitment Board issues an official notification for new recruitment, eligible candidates can apply online. You should start your preparation by knowing about the exam pattern and syllabus. Typically, candidates need to take a common, single stage, computer based test (CBT) comprising a total 100 questions, with each question carrying ‘1’ mark. There could be negative marking of ‘1/3’for each wrong answer. The test comprises of four sections – General Awareness, Arithmetic, General Intelligence, and Reasoning. The General Awareness section comprises of questions on current affairs, recent awards, and discoveries, politics, sports, etc. The syllabus for the Arithmetic section covers a wide variety of topics, including, data interpretation, profit & loss, time & distance, simple & compound interest, percentage, HCF & LCM, and number system. In the sections General Intelligence and Reasoning, there will be questions on analogy, calendar problems, classification, pie charts, and diagrams.

2. Start Preparing Early

It would be a good idea to start your preparation way before you apply for a post. The RRB conducts several recruitment exams every year, but the exam pattern for different posts is more or less similar. This means you can start and continue your preparation for the RRB exam, without awaiting the next announcement for new recruitment.

3. Keep the Right Resources Handy

Be sure to collect the necessary resources or study materials, including guide books, test papers, and previous years question papers. Here’s a list of useful books.

  • Upkar’s Railway Recruitment Board Examination by Khanna & Verma
  • English Grammar by Wren & Martin
  • Upkar’s Quicker Reasoning Test
  • Arithmetic for Competitive Examinations by R.s Aggarwal
  • Upkar’s Special class Railway Apprentice
  • Railway Recruitment Board Examination Technical Cadre Books (Upkar Publication)
  • A Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning by R.S. Aggarwal

4. Boost Your Basics

As part of your preparation, you should revise your basics. For instance, if you can brush up your concepts of profit & loss, ratio & proportion, and percentage, it would help you do well in arithmetic.

5. Follow Current Affairs

You should follow the national and international news regularly, with a special focus on the latest railway budget or any recent developments in Indian railways.

6. Learn Shortcut Tricks

You need to answer 100 questions in 90 minutes; hence knowing math shortcut tricks would be helpful. For instance, if you can remember the values of common square roots, cube roots, squares, and cubes, it would help you solve arithmetic or general intelligence problems faster.

It is also important to stay focused and put your best foot forward on the day of the exam. You should reach the exam venue early and read every question minutely before answering it. Avoid answering any question, if you’re not sure about it. Cracking the RRB exam is not an impossible job. All you need is hard work, patience, and the right mindset.

May 112017

Worldwide, around 62 percent of Generation Y students (born between 1996 and 2000) are open to consider joining the workforce rather than pursuing college or university; however, 36 percent fear they would not find a job matching their personality, says a survey by employer branding specialist Universum.

Setting career goals after 10+2 could be overwhelming. Many students in India decide for a professional course after 12th, but choosing the right course may still be difficult. Ideally, you should select a course considering a number of factors, including career prospect, placement opportunity, your interests, and long-term goals. Here are the top 7 options to choose from.

Chinese man taking an test or exam


Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is perhaps the most coveted course among 10+2 passed students in India. However, getting admission to MBBS is no easy feat. Every year, nearly four million candidates compete for only around 30,000 seats available at the medical colleges in India. You must secure at least 50 percent marks in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English to be eligible to appear for the medical entrance examinations conducted by various medical colleges and agencies in India. All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS) entrance exams, All India – Pre-Medical/ Pre-Dental (AIPMT) entrance exam, and Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) exam are some popular medical entrance exams in India.

2. B.Tech

If you pass 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, you can consider doing a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) course – which is basically a four-years engineering undergraduate course. You need to clear an engineering entrance exam to get admission to B.Tech. In India, a number of national-level engineering entrance exams, including Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main, VIT Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE), and Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) are conducted every year. Depending on your ranking in the entrance exam, you could secure a seat in one of the top engineering colleges in India, such as Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and National Institute of Technology (NIT). Candidates with a B.Tech degree in computer engineering, mechanical engineering, or electronics engineering are highly in demand in the job market.

3. CA

After 10+2, you can also join a Chartered Accountancy course. Chartered accountants usually get multiple job offers from the top paying companies. They can also work independently or start their own business. Either way, they enjoy a rewarding professional career. The Chartered Accountancy course has multiple levels, including Common Proficiency Test (CPT), Integrated Professional Competence Course (IPCC), and the Final Examination. It is one of the toughest professional courses in India. You need excellent math skills, attention to detail, patience and dedication to clear the CA exam.

4. Mass Communication and Journalism

A bachelor’s degree in mass communication and journalism opens doors for a successful career in print media, electronics media, publishing, public relations, and other related fields. After completing the course, you can get employment opportunities in advertising agencies, newspaper agencies, marketing firms, radio and television channels, and film production houses. Top institutes offering courses in mass communication and journalism in India include Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi; Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU); Banaras Hindu University (BHU); and Xavier Institute of Communication (XIC), Mumbai. Most institutes conduct their own entrance exam to select candidates for the course.

5. Bachelor of Hotel Management

With the Indian hospitality industry growing at around 14 percent per year, hotel management could be a rewarding career option after 10+2. If you can complete a course from one of the top institutes, such as Institute of Hotel Management, Oberoi Centre of Learning & Development Delhi, and Christ College Bangalore; you will easily find a job in top-rated hotels, touring companies, airlines, and event management firms.

6. Bachelor of Nursing

India needs six million nurses by 2034, says a recent report by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC). If you want to seize this opportunity, start planning your career in nursing right from the school. You need to pass 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology to be eligible to get admission to a four-year bachelor’s degree in nursing (B.Sc. N) program. Alternatively, you can do the one-and-a-half year diploma in auxiliary nursing and midwifery (ANM) or the three-and-a-half year diploma in general nursing and midwifery (GNM).


Law graduates can find a job in corporate firms, work as an independent lawyer, become a judge, join government agencies as a public prosecutor, or work with NGOs and media houses as a legal adviser. To become a lawyer in India, you need a bachelor’s degree in law or BA LLB. It is a five-year course after 10+2. Candidates for LLB course are selected through a law entrance exam. Depending on your performance in the entrance exam, you can get admission to one of the top law colleges in India, such as National Law School of India, NLSIU, Bangalore; Government Law College, Mumbai; National Law Institute, Bhopal; and Balaji Law College, Pune.

Some other professional courses for 10+2 passed students in India include Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA), Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics, and Bachelor of Fashion Designing. Whichever course you choose, it is always a good idea to do it from a reputed college in India.

May 112017

You are searching high and low for a job and sending out countless resumes with no luck with a follow-up interview and no clue as to what could be the problem — perhaps your resume needs a makeover. A poor resume is one of the leading causes of struggling to procure employment, but once you are aware of how to ramp up your resume, this should be a thing of the past. A few quick revisions can take you from dud to stud in the employment industry.

Avoid Typos and Grammatical Errors

The easiest mistake to fix is a typo or grammatical errors. If these are present on your resume, it will most likely immediately end up in the bin upon immediate perusal as it shows carelessness and incapability. If grammar whiz is not one of the titles listed on your resume, find someone who does possess the ability to correct your resume and make it perfect. The attention to detail will work in your favour. While it may seem trivial to you, it can be a big thing to a potential employer.


Lack of Originality

It may seem as though you are being sneaky by sending out the same resume to each employer, but this strategy does not exactly fly under the radar. Employers can tell if you are producing a mass resume instead of tailoring it to the specific job they are looking for. Including keywords found in the job description and only including experience that is valuable to the job in question will show that you are dedicated to landing that job and will more commonly result in an interview. If you are serious about finding a job, you should have more than one resume. This is especially true if you are applying for positions in several different industries. You also want to make sure that you address the specific needs communicated in the job posting.

Too Wordy or Too Vague

Finding a decent middle ground between being too wordy and too vague is difficult but necessary when creating your resume. If a resume is too lengthy, employers will not take the time to read because chances are they have a multitude of other resumes to get through along with the other responsibilities associated with their job. On the other end, if a resume is too short or shows a lot of white space, it appears to them that you are either not experienced or not a hard worker — both of which will most likely not result in an interview. You want to keep it straight to the point. You will have some time to elaborate once you get to the interview stage.

A vital part of job searching is realizing that the process takes time and a lot of determination on your part. Those who are in possession of a dream job did not get there with mistakes on their resumes — they were careful and meticulous in creating something that expressed their suitability for the job. If you feel you are qualified and able to land a certain employment opportunity, show it in your credentials and avoid these common resume mistakes.