India needs to hire at least 5 lakh teachers to comply with The Right to Education (RTE) Act, which recommends every primary class and upper primary class to have at least one teacher respectively per 30 and 35 students, according to RET Forum. And this shortage of teachers is not exclusive to primary schools! The government is planning to hire thousands of teachers for secondary and higher secondary schools, colleges and universities. Add to this the number of teachers required in private institutions and the supply-demand gap itself could convince you to plan a career in teaching.
But teaching is not suitable for everyone. Just because you have been a good student doesn’t mean you’ll be a good teacher. You may not get the best salary package or find the job boring after some years. If, however, you have a passion for learning and sharing your knowledge among others, you can attain high levels of job satisfaction from this noble profession. To help you decide better, here are some important facts about the specific of this profession.
Job DescriptionA teacher is mainly responsible for teaching, but their duties may sometimes extend to organizing sporting events or extracurricular activities and participating in teachers’ training sessions. Depending on the level at which you are teaching – primary, secondary, higher secondary or college – you may need to teach multiple subjects or focus only on one subject. Roles and responsibilities of a teacher may vary, but typically include;
Preparing lesson plans following state curriculum standardsMotivating students to learn, ask questions, discuss on a particular subject before delivering the lessonsBeing familiar with different teaching techniques and applying those when requiredFollowing conduct rules and taking disciplinary actions, if requiredInitiating class discussion on complex subjects or theories and teaching through demonstrations and lecturesAllocating homework and giving feedback to studentsMonitoring the progress of students and communicating with parents, if requiredAttending meetings with other teachers or staff members
Educational QualificationMinimum educational qualification requirements for teachers at different levels vary a lot. If you want to become a primary school teacher, you should have a bachelor' degree in any discipline. You also need to clear the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) at a state level or Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) conducted by The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). To become a secondary school teacher, you should be a graduate with Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) degree. The B.Ed course covers extensive areas of education, including principles of school management, education theories, practical examination, psychology of learning and subject education. Candidates also need to clear an entrance examination for secondary teachers to get a job in government schools. Those who want to do teaching in colleges and universities need at least a master’s degree in the subject they want to teach. Qualified candidates should also clear the National Eligibility Test (NET) conducted by University Grants commission (UGC).
Skills RequiredIn addition to subject knowledge, teachers should have a particular range of skills and qualities. You should enjoy communicating with people, especially students. A good teacher is calm, composed and confident with an inherent desire to learn and motivate others to learn. To be successful in this career, you should have:
Excellent communication skills and ability to collaborate with othersGood organizational skillsAbility to remain calm in difficult situations and be fair with everyonePatience and perseveranceFlexibility and adaptabilityMentoring skillsAbility to encourage others to learn
Career Opportunity and SalaryThere is a growing demand for competent teachers at different levels. Depending on your qualification and skills, you’ll find employment opportunities in central schools, state government schools and colleges, private schools, UGC approved universities and AICTE approved technical schools. Primary school teachers usually earn a salary of Rs 2 lakh to Rs 3 lakh per annum, while secondary and higher secondary schools offer between Rs 3 lakh and Rs 6 lakh per annum. Professors teaching in government colleges and universities can expect an annual salary of between Rs 4 lakh and Rs 10 lakh.
Teaching is a highly demanding yet fulfilling job for the right candidates. Before you opt for this career path, consider whether you have the natural talent and qualities to become a good teacher.