Located on the southern banks of River Ganges, Patna, the capital of Bihar, is the second largest city and an important centre of trading in eastern India. Early in 490 BCE, when Patna was known as Pataliputra, it was made the capital of Magadha Kingdom. For the next thousand years, the ancient city saw the rise of successive Magadha dynasties, including the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Shunga, Gupta and Pala empires. During that time, the region became the Crucible of research, innovation, art and culture, giving the world scholars like Chanakya, Aryabhata, Kālidāsa, and Vātsyāyana.
Even today, Patna holds a reputation for producing a large number of IAS, IPS and IFS officers in the country. According to a recent survey by the City Mayors' Foundation, Patna is one of the top five fastest growing cities in India. Another study by the India Today Group ranked Patna as one of the top 30 Indian cities in terms of quality of life, living standards, cultural activities, and economic growth. If you are planning a career in Patna, here are some important things to know.
Job OpportunityPatna, being the main administrative centre of Bihar, creates hundreds of public sector jobs every year. Private jobs are available across industries in Patna. The central government’s ‘make in India’ push is likely to create many more jobs in the city’s manufacturing sector. For instance, the government is working on setting up a unit of Footwear Design & Development Institute in Patna, with a goal to train and employ youngsters in the city’s leather industry.
Key IndustriesTraditionally, agriculture has been the main job generating sector for the city’s unskilled workers. Patna has always been one of the largest exporters of rice, sugarcane, sesame, and grain. A major percentage of the city’s labour force is employed in the sugar mills located in and around Patna. However, recent years have seen the rise of many new industries in Patna, including leather, handicraft, real estate, retail, tourism, and FMCG. According to The World Bank’s ease of doing business ranking, Patna is the country’s second most convenient place for starting a new business. Some other key job creation sectors are as follows.
EducationPatna is the main educational hub in Bihar. Students from all around the state come to the city with a goal to receive quality education. Schools and colleges in the city are either privately owned or run by the government. There are several acclaimed educational institutions for higher education offering different specialism. Some famous names include Indian Institute of Technology Patna, National Institute of Fashion Technology Patna, Chanakya National Law University, and All India Institute of Medical Sciences Patna. The newly established Nalanda University and Patna University are two major universities located in the city. This simply means there is no lack of opportunity for the would-be teachers, professors, librarians, and non-teaching staff looking for jobs in Patna.
TourismTourism is another emerging job generating sector worth a mention. Thanks to its rich historical background, Patna houses a host of tourist attractions, including Bodh Gaya, Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb, Patna Museum, and the Kumhrar. Also, many tourists use Patna as a base for their tour around Bihar. As such, the city attracts a large number of domestic and international tourists every year, making it a perfect place for the tourism industry to flourish. If you are planning your career in the hospitality sector, Patna could be a good choice for your career destination.
Media and digital servicesAs with any modern city in India, Patna offers ample employment opportunity in the media and digital service sectors. These include jobs in print media, advertising, website designing, etc. Acclaimed news agencies like the Press Trust of India and Doordarshan have offices in Patna. Most English language newspapers, including The Telegraph, and Times of India, and Hindi language papers like Dainik Jagran, and Dainik Bhaskar publish special editions for Patna. Opportunities are also available in TV and Radio centres of the city.
If you are looking for a suitable job in Patna, you can easily find one by keeping a tab on the jobs in Patna.